Name: Jaslyn Lai Yi May


Student Number: 30451367

 Class Day: Thursday


Class Time: 12.30pm – 2.00pm


Unit Code: MED231


Unit Title: Australian Cinema


Tutor: Dr Garry Gillard





I have chosen ‘Innocence’ as the Australian film that I will represent for this essay. This melodrama film has touched the hearts of most viewers and has become a global hit. It is nevertheless, passionate, romantic and the only Australian film that I am fond of. I do not get fond of most Australian films. ‘Innocence’ has changed my perspective on Australian films.

Film Information

Title: Innocence

Genre: Drama/Romance


Release Date: 




May 2000

(Cannes Film Festival)


8 September 2000

(Toronto Film Festival)


25 October 2000

(Raindance Film Festival)


21 December 2000


New Zealand

26 December 2000



7 March 2001



17 March 2001



7 June 2001



17 August 2001

(New York City, New York)


9 November 2001



7 January 2002

(DVD premiere)


17 January 2002



12 April 2002



23 May 2002



28 June 2002



3 July 2002

(Commonwealth Film Festival)


31 July 2002

(video premiere)


13 September 2002



6 December 2002



9 January 2003



13 February 2003



30 July 2003



18 January 2005

(TV premiere)

Also Known In Other Countries As


Argentina / Spain

Amor Eterno Amor




Innocence - Erste Liebe, zweite Chance


Mo ichido


Nunca me olvides


Main Casts
Julie Blake as Clair
Charles ‘Bud’ Tingwell as Andreas Borg
Kristine Van Pellicom as Young Claire
Kenny Aernouts as Young Andreas
Terry Norris as John
Marta Dusseldorp as Monique
Robert Menzies as David
Chris Haywood as Minister
Norman Kaye as Gerald
Joey Kennedy as Sally
Liz Windsor as Maudie
Dawn Klingberg as Restaurant Owner
Peter Berger as Doctor #1
Kate Roberts as Doctor #2
Michaela Cantwell as Nurse

The Crew

Director: Paul Cox

Script Writer: Paul Cox

Producer: Paul Cox
Executive Producer: William T. Marshall
Producer: Mark Patterson
Associate Producer: Willem Thissien

Original Music: Paul Grabowsky

Cinematography: Tony Clark

Film Editing: Simon Whitington

Production Design: Tony Cronin

Production Management:
Production Manager: Julie Byrne
Production Manager for Belgian Crew: Joke Clerx
Unit Manager for Belgian Crew: Kim van Oeteren
Post-production Supervisor: Margot Wiburd

Second Unit Director of Assistang Director:
First Assistant Director (Belgium): Williem Thiissen

Art Director (Belgium): Ludo Volders
Boom Operator: Michael Bakaloff
Dialogue Editor: Emma Bortignon
Sound Mixer, Superevising Sound Editor, & Sound: Craig Carter
Sound Recordist & Sound (Belgian Crew): James Currie
Sound Stereo Cioinsultant: Bruce Emery
Foley Assistant: Adrian Medhurst
Foley Artist: John Simpson
Sound Effects Editor: Simon Whitington
Foley Recordist & Sound mixer: Tony Young

Visual Effects
Opticals: Paul Cross

Camera and Electrical Department:
Electrician (Belgium): Wim Cloots
Still Photographer (Belgium): Kyra Cox
Gaffer (Belgium): John Goldney
Gaffer: Charled Kiroff
Assistant Camera (Belgium): Gerrit Messiaen
Best Boy: Hugh Miller
Clapper Loader: Judd Overton
Still Photographer (Belfium) Xavier Rombouts
Assistant Camera (Belgium) & Focus puller: Hans Sonneveld
Assistant Grip: Todd Telford
Director of PHography (Belgium) Jan Vancaillie
Assistant Grip (Belgium): Felix Van Groeningen
Still Photographer (Belgium): Kim van Oeteren
Electrician (Belgium): Dirk Can Rampelbergh

Other Crew:
Location Manager: Sarah Abbey
Production Coordinator: Julie Byrne
Costume Designer (Belgium): Bernadette Corstens
Casting (Belgium): Sara de Vries
Location manager (Belgium): Bart Eycken
Production Accountant: Dale Fairbairn
Production Runner: John Fairhead
Organ Musician: David Gallash & Ian Johnson
Lute Musician: Roger Glanville-Hicks
Laboratory Liaison: Louis Keramidas
Assitant Coordinator: Sharon Kerrigan
Continuity: Moigan Khadem
Accordion Musician: Mark Knoop
Piano Musician: Paul Grabowsky
Color Grader & Laboratory Liaison: Ian Letcher
Consultant Producer: David Lightfood
Negative Matcher: Julia MacLeod
Director Attachment: Shaun Miller
Viola Musician: Isabel Morse
Cello Musician: Sarah Morse
Organ Musician: John O’Donnell
Production Runner: Chris Pike
Post-Production Script: Jo Stewart
Title Designer: Oliver Streeton
Voice Musician: Christine Sullivan
Runner (Belgium): Maite Thijssen & Griet Van Cleemput
Assistant To Director & Production Assistant: Leonie Berhoeven
Wardrobe: Suzie Warhurst-Steele
Script Editor: Margot Wiburd


Production Companies:


Other Companies

Running Time: 94 min


Australia / Belgium


English / French



Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1

Sound Mix:

Dolby SR


Iceland:L / Malaysia:U (cut version) / Malaysia:18SX (uncut version) / Argentina:13 / Australia:M / Belgium:KT / Brazil:14 / Canada:R / Finland:K-11 / Netherlands:AL / New Zealand:M / Spain:13 / UK:12 / USA:R

Filming Locations:

Adelaide Hills, South Australia, Australia

Adelaide Parklands, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Ashford Special School, Ashford, South Australia, Australia

Ashford, South Australia, Australia


Coast, South Australia, Australia

Flinders Street, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Gouger Street, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Hotel Adelaide International, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Nangeta's Gypsy Restaurant, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Pilgrim Uniting Church, 12 Flinders Street, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Rymill Park, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

South Australia, Australia

Victoria Square, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Bibliography of interviews with filmmakers


Bibliography of Reviews in Newspapers, critical  essays in journals, discussions in books


Critical Review
‘Innocence’ tells of an Australian film about the love story of Andreas Borg and his first love, Claire. Andreas and Claire were young lovers and were separated from one another for 40 years. After 40 years, Andres finds Claire and they set a date to meet. Claire strives to forget about the long lost love she once had but tends to get attached with it even more. They have an affair when Claire has a husband, a son and three grandchildren, and Andreas has a deceased wife and a loving daughter. Claire leaves her husband, John, for Andreas, with a purpose to embark on a relationship with her first love. John strives to get Claire back and starts causing a ruckus by temper and causing trouble. In the end, Andreas plays a final song for Claire at the church and after he finishes playing it, he finds her dead on the floor. This story is indeed a passionate one and it embarks on a dramatic and expressive feature that will or might touch the hearts of others through tears.

I expected Australian films to be unexciting, unentertaining, impassionate, unromantic, inexpressive, and simply not worth my time watching it. ‘Innocence’, nevertheless, changed my thoughts about Australian films, which tend to be exciting, entertaining, passionate, romantic, full of expression, and definitely worth my time watching it, which gives me a good perception about Australian cinema.  

Each Australian film that I watch, such as, ‘Chopper’, and ‘Mad Max’, tends to come to a result of no meaning. ‘Chopper’ is based on a prisoner’s life, life in the prison, life when he was out of prison where he commits a crime again and back in prison again. The definition of the story that I have explained about ‘Chopper’ might be crystal clear to you but not in my opinion. When you watch the show, the way the actors deliver the story brings confusion to the viewer which results to a mode of no meaning. It simply does not have any meaning on what the filmmaker is trying to reach out to us. ‘Mad Max’, on the other hand, gives a state of confusion on what the film is all about in the beginning. It only makes sense at the end. At the beginning of the film, I couldn’t get who was Mad Max, but in the end, it slowly comes to a sense but it still has a pretty worthless content. ‘Innocence’, on the other hand, contains a story worth to talk about. It tells about the power of first love; passionate and true. Though the ending results to disappointment, this film felt it was from Hollywood rather than Australia cinema.

When I first viewed the cover of this film, reading the definition of the film, I could not tell if it was an Australian film or an American film. When I watched it, the more I couldn’t tell if it was an Australian film or an American film. The language they speak does not seem Australian and the settings that took place does not seem Australian; not dessert-like. But, there is a feature which tends to be Australian; love and family. Though Claire was in an affair with Andreas, she confronted both her husband and son, which explains love and family. If you would have analyzed an American film, you would find if a wife was in an affair with another man, she would not let her husband know to cause a ruckus. But, in this particular Australian film, I do not know if this is one of the first ones, but it clearly explains love and family. There was no game of deceit but there exists a game of love in a triangle twist.

Critical Uptake

‘Innocence’ was released in 21 countries. I would not refer ‘Innocence’ as a worldwide-known film, as it only released in 18 Western countries including Europe, United Kingdom, United States of America, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, as well as in 3 countries in Asia, including Japan, Philippines and Malaysia. It has been nominated in eight film awards festivals, but it has only won in five festivals. To make it precise, take a look below on the awards won ant the awards not won.

Nominations Not Won
Australian Film Institute, 2000
- Best Performance by an actress in leading role – Julia Blake
- Best Performance by an actor in a supporting role – Terry Norris

Film Critics Circle of Australia Awards, 2001

Golden Trailer Awards, 2002


Nominations Won
Film Critics Circle of Australia Awards, 2001

Toronto International Film Festival, 2000

IF Awards, 2000

                                  : Mark Patterson – producer

Montreal World Film Festival, 2000

Taormina International Film Festival, 2000

Media critics, the press in particular, stated that this film was one of the best films seen ever since, the most romantic movie; touching, but tend to have an R-rated feature with nudity and sex, vulgarity as well as violence. (Vice 2001, Deseret News)  The film has had good comments from film reviewers of newspapers. The only dissatisfying comment they had was that it was R-rated. (Vice 2001, Deseret News) This film was an adult film, with coarse language, not suitable for children under eighteen. The film overall has had optimistic responses from both media critics and viewers, thus, might or have influenced other viewers unto watching this film, except children under eighteen.

Production & Release

‘Innocence; was funded by the Australian Film Commission. In ‘Innocence’, Paul Cox, were both the filmmaker and the script writer. He wrote it three weeks while making a 3-D IMAX film in Canada, when there were major problems in the setting, some free time of a new script would not harm. Through ‘Innocence’, he was trying to reflect all the features included in all of his previous films all combined unto one film. ‘Innocence’ had Cox’s money put unto it where Australian Film Commission came in to fund during the process of the filmmaking. The film is delivered successful commercially, where a theatrical release is said by Cox to be released in Japan and Russia. Cox’s films were known to only be released on television programmes. To have ‘Innocence’ have theatrical releases is a shocking outcome, one of his first times seeing his film being successful in that state. The Australian Film Commission supported the development of ‘Innocence’. It has given assistance towards the development and appreciation of Australian screen culture locally and internationally.

‘Innocence’ was released in the Australian cinemas in December 2000. It has received awards from the Toronto and Montreal film festivals and this has resulted the film unto a achieving a global hit. Nevertheless, it was released in 17 other countries other than Australia. ‘Innocence’ was released as an R-rated film, as it was filled with nudity and sex. Though there was passion and love, it was still regarded as r-rated. Therefore, it is M screen rated, which is mature recommended for persons 15 + years of age.

‘Innocence’ was a successful film acquired till there was to be a theatrical release in Japan and Russia, which was a first experience for Cox himself. Normally, his movies would only be shown on television which viewers would not pay attention to, but in ‘innocence’, a theatrical release occurred.

Innocence was made for $856,000 in Australia. It was made most successfully in the United States of America. Take a look at the box office below for more details.

Opening Weekend

$20,707 (USA) (19 August 2001) (2 Screens)


$2,194,919 (USA) (20 January 2002) (sub-total)
$2,176,978 (USA) (13 January 2002)
$2,158,188 (USA) (6 January 2002)
$2,081,251 (USA) (16 December 2001)
$2,030,182 (USA) (9 December 2001)
$1,976,968 (USA) (2 December 2001)
$1,911,698 (USA) (25 November 2001)
$1,826,969 (USA) (18 November 2001)
$1,755,249 (USA) (11 November 2001)
$1,615,061 (USA) (4 November 2001)
$1,341,155 (USA) (28 October 2001)
$1,190,398 (USA) (21 October 2001)
$1,090,270 (USA) (14 October 2001)
$942,831 (USA) (7 October 2001)
$776,847 (USA) (30 September 2001)
$580,953 (USA) (23 September 2001)
$370,975 (USA) (16 September 2001)
$222,468 (USA) (9 September 2001)
$129,347 (USA) (2 September 2001)
$55,358 (USA) (26 August 2001)
$20,707 (USA) (19 August 2001)
AUD 1,063,539 (Australia) (19 January 2004) (sub-total)
€17,655 (Spain) (31 August 2002) (sub-total)

Weekend Gross

$14,543 (USA) (20 January 2002) (10 Screens)
$13,245 (USA) (13 January 2002) (13 Screens)
$9,542 (USA) (6 January 2002) (10 Screens)
$33,808 (USA) (16 December 2001) (32 Screens)
$35,547 (USA) (9 December 2001) (27 Screens)
$41,222 (USA) (2 December 2001) (45 Screens)
$51,447 (USA) (25 November 2001) (34 Screens)
$42,838 (USA) (18 November 2001) (34 Screens)
$94,102 (USA) (11 November 2001) (52 Screens)
$111,938 (USA) (4 November 2001) (47 Screens)
$119,056 (USA) (28 October 2001) (39 Screens)
$90,161 (USA) (21 October 2001) (35 Screens)
$104,007 (USA) (14 October 2001) (37 Screens)
$118,998 (USA) (7 October 2001) (36 Screens)
$144,572 (USA) (30 September 2001) (39 Screens)
$166,232 (USA) (23 September 2001) (41 Screens)
$123,543 (USA) (16 September 2001) (35 Screens)
$80,408 (USA) (9 September 2001) (13 Screens)
$62,363 (USA) (2 September 2001) (6 Screens)
$16,882 (USA) (26 August 2001) (2 Screens)
$20,707 (USA) (19 August 2001) (2 Screens)


3,403 (Spain) (31 August 2002)

Box offices in Malaysia, Philippines, Japan, France, United Kingdom, Argentina, Canada, Finland, Germany, Columbia, Netherlands, Norway, Italy, Norway, Greece, Poland, Sweden, New Zealand and Australia. But, it was known specifically that these countries have released this film. In Argentina & Spain, this film was named Innocence. In Brazil, it was referred as Amor Eterno Amor. In Fermany, it was called Innocence- Erste Liebe, zweite Chance. Finaland called this film Ensirakkaus whereas Japan named it Moichido. Last but not least, Colombia called it Nunca me olvides.

U.S. box office expectations for this film are low. The largest group of ticket-buyers was known to be in their teens and twenties were in majority to buy tickets to films of young couples. But, the high response from the U.S. box office has proved our assumptions wrong. The U.S. box office was stated by Yahoo! Movies that it has reached $2,194,919. Australia’s box office were not known to be found anywhere online, it probably did not reach as high as the U.S., though it was their own local film.

Critical Uptake
‘Innocence’ was Paul Cox’s best debut when he first came to Australia with a main purpose to film. It achieved an enormous global hit. Thus, it had an achievement in the mainstream film industry.

‘Innocence’ has received more praises than criticism. The criticism may be required; R-rated since it is an adult movie. Nevertheless, it is rated as one of the Australian film strongly desired by most viewers. To have a film a global hit with an enormous achievement in the U.S. and theatrical releases in Japan and Russia, rather than the usual release on TV, is a success to celebrate about.

Julie Blake and Charles Tingwell both were good actors to suit with the film They showed love nad passion emotionally unto the audiences. The contents of the film itself have good qualities to begin with. But, it is the way the actors express in the film; in how they perform. Most would see these films for the attractiveness found in these actors. But, in this film, both are old, thus, viewers, still find it attractive and appealing.

Critical Horizons
‘Innocence’ is classified as a passionate and romantic drama that is R-rated of sex and nudity; one of the most exciting Australian films that occurred. According to Cox, Australia perceives his films to have feature of Europe and not well-accepted in Australia. However, ‘Innocence’, according to the box offices stated in IMDB, was a huge hit. ‘Innocence’ has both great passionate content of emotions and has achieved a good commercialized promotion.

Australian National Cinema
‘Innocence’ is regarded as a medium sized English language cinema in Australian National Cinema. As an adult film, it ahs features of Europe but is still regarded as an Australian film.

‘Innocence’ contains themes such as love, hope, faith, loneliness, isolation and home. All of these themes are characteristics of an Australian culture. Moreover, the film was shot at the suburban of Australia, which brings to an environment of Australia; representing Australian films. However, the language accent they use does not seem Australian but seems American, thus, leading it to be non-Australian.

‘Innocence’ contains an ordinary life of a particular woman. It does not contain fantasy as seen in ‘Babe’, but contains ordinariness. Indeed, it has an emotional discourse. Nevertheless, it is Australian as ordinariness represents the Australian film.

O’Regan describes Australian cinema to have ugliness and ordinariness. Claire is old and an ordinary woman hwo has a husband and has an affair with her first love. This statement describes Claire as unattractive and with an ordinary character.

This film has given the viewers a better view of Australian National Cinema that Australian films are not boring but it can be interesting, appealing and entertaining.

Type & Genre
‘Innocence’ is a film that belongs to women’s film; including melodrama, love suffering, slight grief and romance. ‘Innocence’ is refarded as the ‘melodrama of passion’ stated by Walker. (Moran Veith, 2006, pp. 190) The romance that Claire and Andreas show on-screen through sex, have showed much passion to refer this film as a melodrama of passion.

This film engages with other genres; women’s film, comedy and romance. Women’s film is included since it emphasizes on Claire engaging an affair with Andreas and having problems dealing with her annoying husband; resulting her to have a weak heart; causing her death in a church. There is little comedy in this film but there are some wittiness through the jokes Claire makes with her friends. Romance is definitely felt through this film, through the romance Andreas and Claire delivers unto the audience through past shots of their romance in their younger days as well as the present’ especially when they are old at age.   

Citations From Books
Albert Moran and Errol Vieth, Film In Australia: An Introduction, 2006, pp.188-201