NEW YORK UNIVERSITY

Department of Cinema Studies

H72.2113 RACE, GENDER AND NATION IN AUSTRALIAN CINEMA

WELCOME

Welcome to Race, Gender and Nation in Australian Cinema. The course co-ordinator is Toby Miller. Please come see me with any queries you may have about the subject. My office is Room 652 of the Tisch Building, 721 Broadway. I can be telephoned on 9981614. Office hours are Wednesdays from 1.30 to 3.30 pm. The course will be on in Room 651 between 1.20 and 4.10 pm on Thursdays.

RATIONALE

This is a graduate lecture course designed for students in both the Department of Cinema Studies and the Certificate in Culture and Media Program. The course is meant to introduce you to a mixture of ethnographic, documentary, Aboriginal, feminist, and essay film texts produced in a sovereign-state that has an official governmental policy of multiculturalism, but was founded on a predominantly Anglo-Saxon migrant culture. The intention is to look at how this screen culture can be understood in terms of a set of different discourses: the textual, the industrial, the national and international, the anthropological, and the governmental. In addition, there will be a set of thematic optics placed over our appreciation of these texts and discourses, thematic optics derived from post-colonial and feminist theory.

The course is divided into two blocks. BLOCK I (weeks 1 to 8) investigates the technologies of power which produce subjects of knowledge inside the nation. BLOCK II (weeks 9 to 14) applies these investigations to a series of genres as part of the move from technologies of the subject to technologies of the self.

TEXTBOOK

Ross Gibson. South of the West: Postcolonialism and the Narrative Construction of Australia. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1992.

READINGS

In addition to being familiar with the textbook, you should read at least two other pieces of writing each week. The relevant references are marked with an asterisk. You are NOT expected to have read all the materials listed. Many will be dificult to obtain.

ASSESSMENT

Your mission, should you accept it, is to produce two pieces of written work: a 10-page theory paper on discourses of race and/or gender articulated against the nation, due at the end of Week Seven; and a 15-page post-colonial and/or feminist reading of two screen texts shown in the course, due at the end of Week Fourteen.

Please note that both these essays should follow referencing systems from EITHER Joseph Gibaldi. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 4th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1995 or The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993. You may also wish to consult Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1995.

LECTURE AND SCREENING OUTLINE

BLOCK I

Week One:

Lecture: Discourses of Race and Gender, Discourses of the Nation

Screening:

Jedda (1955 - 101 mins)

Reading:

*Benedict Anderson. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1983. 11-40.

Jeff Archer. ""But is it Australian Nationalism?"" Australian Journal of Politics and History 36, no. 1 (1990): 84-93.

Myles P. Breen. "National Mythology on Film and Television: The Australian Experience." Communication 11, no. 3 (1989): 163-76.

Noel Butlin. Economics and the Dreamtime: A Hypothetical History. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1993.

Stuart Cunningham. Featuring Australia: The Cinema of Charles Chauvel. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1991. 147-70.

Ann Curthoys. "Australian History and Society." Communication and Culture. Ed. Gunther Kress. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1988. 38-54.

___. "Identity Crisis: Colonialism, Nation, and Gender in Australian History." Gender and History 5, no. 2 (1993): 165-76.

Jim Davidson. "So-Called Culture: A Reply to Eugene Kamenka." Australian Cultural History 3 (1984): 19-23.

Delia Falconer. "'We Don't Need to Know the Way Home': Selling Australian Space in the Mad Max Trilogy." Southern Review 27, no. 1 (1994): 28-44.

Ernest Gellner. "Nationalism." Theory and Society 10, no. 6 (1981): 753-76.

Karen Jennings. Sites of Difference: Cinematic Representations of Aboriginality and Gender. Melbourne: AFI, 1993. 32-38.

Colin Johnson. "Chauvel and the Aboriginal Male in Australian Film." Continuum 1, no. 1 (1987): 47-56.

Mary Kalantzis. "Ethnicity Meets Gender Meets Class in Australia." Playing the State: Australian Feminist Interventions. Ed. Sophie Watson. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1990. 39-60.

Eugene Kamenka. "Culture and Australian Culture." Australian Cultural History 3 (1984): 7-18.

Toby Miller. "Exporting Truth from Aboriginal Australia: 'Portions of Our Past Become Present Again, Where Only the Melancholy Light of Origin Shines'." Media Information Australia 76 (1995): 7-17.

___. The Well-Tempered Self: Citizenship, Culture, and the Postmodern Subject. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1993. 95-128.

*Vijay Mishra and Bob Hodge. "What is Post(-)Colonialism?" Australian Cultural Studies: A Reader. Ed. John Frow and Meaghan Morris. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993. 30-46.

Stephen Muecke. Textual Spaces: Aboriginality and Cultural Studies. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1992. 1-35.

Elisha P. Renne. "All Right, Vegemite! The Everyday Constitution of an Australian National Identity." Visual Anthropology 6, no. 2 (1993): 139-55.

"The State, Indigenous Peoples and Australian National Identity." Cultural Studies: Pluralism and Theory. Ed. David Bennett. Melbourne: Melbourne U Department of English, 1993. 103-29.

Graeme Turner. "Media Texts and Messages." The Media in Australia: Industries, Texts, Audiences. Ed. Stuart Cunningham and Graeme Turner. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993. 247-66.

Week Two:

Lecture: Governmentality

Screening:

Eelemarni: The Story of Leo and Leva (1988 - 15 mins); Snakes and Ladders (1987 - 59 mins); This Woman is not a Car (1982 - 23 mins)

Reading:

Barbara Abrash. "Australia: Snakes and Ladders." American Historical Review 97, no. 4 (1992): 1150-51.

Annette Blonski. "At the Government's Pleasure: Independent Cinema." Don't Shoot Darling! Women's Independent Filmmaking in Australia. Ed. Annette Blonski, Barbara Creed and Freda Freiberg. Richmond: Greenhouse Publications, 1987. 40-83.

Stuart Cunningham. Framing Culture: Criticism and Policy in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1992. 37-70.

*Michel Foucault. "Governmentality." Trans. Rosi Braidotti and Colin Gordon. The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Ed. Graham Burchell, Colin Gordon and Peter Miller. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991. 87-104.

*___. "Technologies of the Self." Technologies of the Self: A Seminar with Michel Foucault. Ed. Luther H. Martin, Huck Gutman and Patrick H. Hutton. London: Tavistock, 1988. 16-49.

John Hutchinson. "State Festivals, Foundation Myths and Cultural Politics in Immigrant Nations." Celebrating the Nation: A Critical Study of Australia's Bicentenary. Ed. Tony Bennett, Pat Buckridge, David Carter and Colin Mercer. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1992. 3-25.

Elizabeth Jacka. "Film." The Media in Australia: Industries, Texts, Audiences. Ed. Stuart Cunningham and Graeme Turner. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993. 180-92.

Andrew Markus. "Australian Governments and the Concept of Race: An Historical Perspective." The Cultural Construction of Race. Ed. Marie de Lepervanche and Gillian Bottomley. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Culture, 1988. 46-59.

Toby Miller. The Well-Tempered Self: Citizenship, Culture, and the Postmodern Subject. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1993. ix-xxviii.

Catriona Moore. "'The Guiding Hand': The Case of Aboriginal Welfare Films." Sex, Politics, Representation. Ed. Peter Botsman and Ross Harley. Sydney: Local Consumption, 1984. 26-54.

Graeme Turner. "The End of the National Project? Australian Cinema in the 1990s." Colonialism and Nationalism in Asian Cinema. Ed. Wimal Dissanayake. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1994. 202-16.

Mary Walby. "Woman and Nation." International Journal of Comparative Sociology 33, nos. 1-2 (1992): 81-100.

Week Three:

Lecture: Race in Australia

Screening:

How the West was Lost (1987 - 72 mins); Lousy Little Sixpence (1983 - 54 mins)

Reading:

Bell, Philip. Multicultural Australia in the Media: A Report to the Office of Multicultural Affairs. Canberra: AGPS, 1992.

Ina Bertrand. "How the West was Lost." Filmviews 134 (1987-88): 33-36.

Merete Falck Borch. "Eddie Mabo and Others v. the State of Queensland, 1992. The Significance of Court Recognition of Landrights in Australia." Kunapipi 14, no. 1 (1992): 1-12.

Gordon Briscoe. "Aboriginal Australian Identity: The Historiography of Relations Between Indigenous Ethnic Groups and Other Australians, 1788 to 1988." History Workshop Journal 36 (Autumn 1993): 133-61.

Stephen Castles, Mary Kalantzis, Bill Cope and Michael Morrissey. Mistaken Identity: Multiculturalism and the Demise of Nationalism in Australia, 2nd ed. Sydney: Pluto P, 1990. 16-42.

Centre for Research in Culture and Communication. Telling Both Stories: The Media and the Recommendations of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. Perth: Murdoch U, 1993.

Sharon Connolly. "How the West was Lost." Taking Care of Business: A Practical Guide to Independent Film and Video Production. Ed. John Cruthers. Sydney: AFTRS and AFC, 1988. 79-85.

Sneja Gunew. "Denaturalizing Cultural Nationalisms: Multicultural Readings of "Australia"." Nation and Narration. Ed. Homi Bhabha. London: Routledge, 1990.

Anne Hickling-Hudson. "White Construction of Black Identity in Australian Films about Aborigines." Literature/Film Quarterly 18, no. 4 (1990): 263-74.

*Andrew Lattas. "Aborigines and Contemporary Australian Nationalism: Primordiality and the Cultural Politics of Otherness." Writing Australian Culture: Text, Society, and National Identity. Ed. Julie Marcus. Adelaide: Social Analysis, 1990. 50-69.

*Vijay Mishra. "Aboriginal Representation in Australian Texts." Continuum 2, no. 1 (1988-89): 165-88.

Catriona Moore and Stephen Muecke. "Racism and the Representation of Aborigines in Film." Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 2, no. 1 (1984): 36-53.

Tim Rowse. "Mabo and Moral Anxiety." Meanjin 52, no. 2 (1993): 229-52.

Sandy Toussaint. "Aboriginal Resistance and the Maintenance of Identity: Nyungars and the State." Social Analysis 32 (1992): 16-30.

Graeme Turner. "Breaking the Frame: The Representation of Aborigines in Australian Film." Aboriginal Culture Today. Ed. Anne Rutherford. Copenhagen: Dangaroo P, 1988. 135-45.

Week Four:

Lecture: Gender in Australia

Screening:

For Love or Money (1983 - 109 mins)

Reading:

Australian Film Commission. Women in Australian Film, Video, Radio nd Television Industries Survey Summary. Sydney, 1992.

Jill Conway. "Gender in Australia." Daedalus 114, no. 1 (1985): 343-68.

*Barbara Creed. "Medusa in the Land of Oz: The Female Spectator in Australia." Camera Obscura 20-21 (1989): 53-67.

Ann Curthoys and Susan Dermody. "For Love or Money: A Work of Loving." Don't Shoot Darling! Women's Independent Filmmaking in Australia. Ed. Annette Blonski, Barbara Creed and Freda Freiberg. Richmond: Greenhouse Publications, 1987. 343-49.

*Marie de Lepervanche. "Women, Nation and State in Australia." Woman-Nation-State. Ed. Nira Yuval-Davis and Floya Anthias. London: Macmillan, 1989.

J. Finlayson. "Welfare Incomes and Aboriginal Gender Relations." Emergent Inequalities in Aboriginal Australia. Ed. J. Altman. Oceania Monograph 38, 1989. 95-118.

F. Merlan. "Gender in Aboriginal Social Life: An Overview." Social Anthropology and Australian Aboriginal Studies: A Contemporary Overview. Ed. R. Tonkinson and R. M. Berndt. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies P, 1988. 17-76.

Annette Hamilton. "A Complex Strategical Situation: Gender and Power in Aboriginal Australia." Australian Women: Feminist Perspectives. Ed. Norma Grieve and Patricia Grimshaw. Melbourne: Oxford UP, 1981. 86-94.

___. "Daughters of the Imaginary." Canberra Anthropology 9, no. 2 (1986): 1-25.

Toby Miller. "Sport, Media and Masculinity." Sport and Leisure: Trends in Popular Culture. Ed. David Rowe and Geoff Lawrence. Sydney: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1990. 74-95.

Kay Schaffer. Women and the Bush: Forces of Desire in the Australian Cultural Tradition. Melbourne: Cambridge UP, 1989.

Nira Yuval-Davis. "Gender and Nation." Ethnic and Racial Studies 16, no. 4 (1993): 621-32.

Week Five:

Lecture: Anthropology in Australia

Screening:

The Last Tasmanian

Reading:

Gillian Cowlishaw. "Australian Aboriginal Studies: The Anthropologists' Accounts." The Cultural Construction of Race. Ed. Marie de Lepervanche and Gillian Bottomley. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture, 1988. 60-79.

Iain Davidson. "Archaeologists and Aborigines." Australian Journal of Anthropology 2, no. 2 (1991): 247-58.

Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra. "Anthropology and/or/as 'Cultural Studies'? A Response to David Trigger." Anthropological Forum 6, no. 4 (1993): 614-18.

Marcia Langton. "Urbanising Aborigines: The Social Scientists' Great Deception." Social Alternatives 2, no. 2 (1981): 16-22.

Peter Lawrence. "The Ethnographic Revolution." Quadrant 19, no. 2 (1975): 75-88.

R. Layton. "Anthropology and the Australian Aboriginal Land Rights Act in Northern Australia." Social Anthropology and Development Policy. Ed. R. Grillo and A. Rew. London: Tavistock Publications, 1985. 148-67.

*Lenore Manderson. "The Laws of a Footfall: Anthropology and the Politics of Knowledge." Meanjin 49, no. 2 (1990): 340-52.

Eric Michaels. "Ask a Foolish Question: On the Methodologies of Cross-Cultural Media Research." Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 3, no. 2 (1985): 45-59.

Monday Conference Transcript, 1978.

*Fred Myers. "The Politics of Representation: Anthropological Discourse and Australian Aborigines." American Ethnologist 13 (1986): 138-53.

Tim Murray. "The Childhood of William Lanne: Contact Archaeology and Aboriginality in Tasmania." Antiquity 67, no. 256 (1993): 504-19.

Tom O'Regan. "Documentary in Controversy: The Last Tasmanian." An Australian Film Reader. Ed. Albert Moran and Tom O'Regan. Sydney: Currency P, 1985. 127-36.

David S. Trigger. "Australian Cultural Studies: Radical Critique or Vacuous Posturing?" Anthropological Forum 6, no. 4 (1993): 607-13.

Week Six:

Lecture: Modernity

Screening:

Backroads (1977 - 61 mins); My Survival as an Aboriginal (1979 - 50 mins); Tent Embassy (1992)

Reading:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission and the Department of Transport and Communication. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Broadcasting: Discussion Paper. 1991.

Benedict Anderson. "Exodus." Critical Inquiry 20 (1994): 314-27.

Gary S. Becker and Richard A. Posner. "Cross-Cultural Differences in Family and Sexual Life." Rationality and Society 5, no. 4 (1993): 421-31.

Jeremy Beckett. "Aboriginality, Citizenship and Nation State." Social Analysis 24 (1988): 3-18.

*Homi Bhabha. "Race and the Humanities: The "Ends" of Modernity?" Public Culture 4, no. 2 (1992): 81-85.

Anne Bickford and Jeune Pritchard. "Talking to Essie Coffey." Filmnews (July 1979): 4-5, 10.

Émile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss. Primitive Classification. Trans. Rodney Needham. London: Cohen and West, 1970. 3-66.

John Fielder. "Sacred Sites and the City: Urban Aboriginality, Ambivalence, and Modernity." boundary 2 21, no. 1 (1994): 65-83.

*Faye Ginsburg. "Aboriginal Media and the Australian Imaginary." Public Culture 5, no. 3 (1993): 557-78.

___. "The Aboriginal Programs Unit of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation." Visual Anthropology Review 9, no. 2 (1993): 92-97.

John Hartley. The Politics of Pictures: The Creation of the Public in the Age of Popular Media. London: Routledge, 1992. 183-223.

Robert Hodge. "Aboriginal Truth and White Media: Eric Michaels Meets the Spirit of Aboriginalism." Continuum 3, no. 2 (1990): 201-25.

Karen Jennings. Sites of Difference: Cinematic Representations of Aboriginality and Gender. Melbourne: AFI, 1993. 60-63.

___. "Ways of Seeing and Speaking about Aboriginal Women. i. Black Women and Documentary Film." Hecate 13, no. 2 (1987-88): 113-28.

Bruce Kapferer. "Nationalist Ideology and a Comparative Anthropology." Ethnos 54, nos. 3-4 (1989): 161-98.

Talcott Parsons. Societies: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1966. 35-41.

Geoffrey Reeves. Communications and the 'Third World'. London: Routledge, 1993. 53-69, 183-248.

Rosaleen Smyth. "'White Australia Has a Black Past': Promoting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Land Rights on Television and Video." Historical Journal of Film, Television and Radio 15, no. 1 (1995): 105-23.

John Tomlinson. Cultural Imperialism: A Critical Introduction. London: Pinter Publishers, 1991. 140-72.

Week Seven:

Lecture: Postmodernity

Screening:

Australia Daze (1988 - 80 mins); Crack in the Curtains (1988 - 25 mins); A Walbiri Fire Ceremony: Ngatjakula (1977 - 21 mins); Blood Brothers: A Warlpiri Fire Ceremony

Reading:

Philip Batty. "Who Told you we Wanted to Make our own TV? The Broadcasting in Remote Aboriginal Communities Scheme and the Failure of Policy." Artlink 13, no. 1 (1993): 22-24.

Marion Benjamin. ""I am not a TV Show"." Artlink 13, no. 1 (1993): 25-27.

Arif Dirlik. "The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism." Critical Inquiry 20 (1994): 328-56.

*Johannes Fabian. "Presence and Representation: The Other and Anthropological Writing." Critical Inquiry 16, no. 4 (1990): 753-72.

Amy Gutmann. "The Challenge of Multiculturalism in Political Ethics." Philosophy and Public Affairs 22, no. 3 (1993): 171-206.

Eric Michaels. "Aboriginal Content: Who's Got It, Who Needs It?" Art and Text 23-24 (1987): 58-78.

___. "Bad Aboriginal Art." Art and Text 28 (1988): 59-73.

___. For a Cultural Future: Frances Jupurrurla Makes TV at Yuendumu. Sydney: Artspace, 1987.

Stephen Muecke. "Yolngu Culture in the Age of MTV." Independent Media (1989).

*Neil Turner. "Pitchat and Beyond." Artlink 10, nos. 1-2 (1990): 43-45.

William Tyler. "Crosslines: Aboriginality, Postmodernity and the Australian State." Humanity and Society 18, no. 1 (1994): 4-21.

Week Eight:

Lecture: Post-Ethnography

Screening:

Two Laws (1981 - 130 mins)

Reading:

Alassandro Cavadini et al. "Two Laws - Kanymarda Yuwa." Intervention (1981): 63-77.

Mick Eaton. "Another Angle on Anthropological Film." Screen 24, no. 2 (1983): 55-59.

Karen Jennings. Sites of Difference: Cinematic Representations of Aboriginality and Gender. Melbourne: AFI, 1993. 64-68.

___. "Ways of Seeing and Speaking about Aboriginal Women. i. Black Women and Documentary Film." Hecate 13, no. 2 (1987-88): 113-28.

Glenn Jordan and Chris Weedon. Cultural Politics: Class, Gender, Race and the Postmodern World. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1995. 489-539.

*Roger Keesing et al. "Exotic Readings of Cultural Texts." Current Anthropology 30, no. 4 (1989): 459-79.

James Roy MacBean. "Two Laws from Australia: One White, One Black." New Challenges for Documentary. Ed. Alan Rosenthal. Berkeley and Los Angeles: U of California P, 1988. 211-26.

Eric Michaels. "Constraints on Knowledge in an Economy of Oral Information." Current Anthropology 26, no. 4 (1985): 505-10.

___. Review of Fred Myers. Pintupi Country, Pintupi Self. Canberra Anthropology 10, no. 1 (1987): 44-62.

*Stephen Muecke. Textual Spaces: Aboriginality and Cultural Studies. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1992. 197-206.

Fred Myers. "Representing Whom? Privilege, Position, and Posturing." Canberra Anthropology 10, no. 1 (1987): 62-73.

Jay Ruby. "The Belly of the Beast: Eric Michaels and the Anthropology of Visual Communication." Continuum 3, no. 2 (1990): 32-52.

Anne Seitz. "The Political Dimension of Intercultural Research - the Australian Experience." Quality and Quantity 27, no. 4 (1993): 411-20.

John von Sturmer. "Aborigines, Representation, Necrophilia." Art and Text 32 (1989): 127-39.

SPRING BREAK

BLOCK II

Week Nine:

Lecture: Ethnographic Film in Australia

Screening:

Takeover (1980 - 90 mins); The House-Opening (1980 - 45 mins)

Reading:

I. Dunlop. "Ethnographic Film Making in Australia: The First 70 Years (1898-1968)." Studies in Visual Communication 9, no. 1 (1983): 11-18.

*Michael Leigh. "Curiouser and Curiouser." Back of Beyond: Discovering Australian Film and Television. Ed. Scott Murray. Sydney: AFC, 1988. 78-88.

Peter Loizos. Innovation in Ethnographic Film: From Innocence to Self-Consciousness, 1955-1985. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993. 29-36, 169-89.

David Macdougall. "Beyond Observational Cinema." Principles of Visual Anthropology. Ed. P. Hockings. The Hague: Mouton, 1975. 109-23.

___. "Ethnographic Film: Failure and Promise." Annual Review of Anthropology 7 (1978): 405-23.

Alan Mansfield and Kathryn Trees. "An Apologetics of Outrage." Span 33 (1992): 17-21.

Michael Meadows. "Voice Blo Mipla All Ilan Man: Torres Strait Islanders' Struggle for Television Access." Public Voices, Private Interests: Australia's Media Policy. Ed. Jennifer Craik, Julie James Bailey and Albert Moran. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1995. 179-98.

Toby Miller. "Striving for Difference: Commercial Radio Policy." Public Voices, Private Interests: Australia's Media Policy. Ed. Jennifer Craik, Julie James Bailey and Albert Moran. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1995. 86-100.

Helen Molnar. "Indigenous Media Development in Australia 1970-94." Public Voices, Private Interests: Australia's Media Policy. Ed. Jennifer Craik, Julie James Bailey and Albert Moran. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1995. 165-78.

Howard Morphy. "The Interpretation of Ritual: Reflections from Film on Anthropological Practice." Man 29, no. 1 (1994): 117-46.

*Fred R. Myers. "From Ethnography to Metaphor: Recent Films from David and Judith MacDougall." Cultural Anthropology 3, no. 2 (1988): 205-20.

Nicholas Peterson. "The Popular Image." The First Australians. Ed. Ian Donaldson and Tamsin Donaldson. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1985. 164-80.

Keith Tribe. "The Representation of the Real." Cambridge Anthropology (1977): 56-66.

Week Ten:

Lecture: Documentary Genres

Screening:

State of Shock; The Good Woman of Bangkok (1991- 82 mins)

Reading:

Chris Berry. A Bit on the Side: East-West Topographies of Desire. Sydney: EM P, 1994.

Jerome Bruner. "The Narrative Construction of Reality." Critical Inquiry 18, no. 1 (1991): 1-21.

Frances Calvert. "Dennis O'Rourke: A Retrospective." Metro (1986): 8-12.

Vincent Canby. "In Thailand, A Prostitute with a Heart that's Cold." New York Times 15 April 1992.

E. Cohen. "Sensuality and Venality in Bangkok: The Dynamics of Cross-Cultural Mapping of Prostitution." Deviant Behavior 8 (1987): 223-34.

*John Grierson. "Memorandum to the Right Honourable, the Prime Minister." An Australian Film Reader. Ed. Albert Moran and Tom O'Regan. Sydney: Currency P, 1985. 72-78.

Sylvia Lawson. "Skin Trade Stories." Modern Times (May 1992): 33-34.

Nancy Christine Lutkehaus. ""EXCUSE ME, EVERYTHING IS NOT ALL RIGHT": On Ethnography, Film, and Representation. An Interview with Filmmaker Dennis O'Rourke." Cultural Anthropology 4, no. 4 (1989): 422-37.

Chris Lyttleton. "The Good People of Isan: Commercial Sex in Northeast Thailand." Australian Journal of Anthropology 5, no. 3 (1994): 257-79.

Megan McMurchy. "The Documentary." Australian Cinema. Ed. Scott Murray. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1994. 179-199.

Eric Michaels. "Hundreds Shot in Aboriginal Community: ABC Makes TV Documentary at Yuendumu." Media Information Australia 45 (1987): 7-17.

*Albert Moran. Projecting Australia: Government Film Since 1945. Sydney: Currency P, 1992. 133-56.

J. O'Malley. "Sex Tourism and Women's Status in Thailand." Society and Leisure 11, no. 1 (1988): 99-114.

Dennis O'Rourke. "A Rejoinder to "Conceiving the Post-Colonial Everyday: An Interrogation of The Good Woman of Bangkok"." Visual Anthropology Review 9, no. 2 (1993): 114-17.

Martina Rieker. "Narrating the Post-Colonial Everyday: An Interrogation of The Good Woman of Bangkok." Visual Anthropology Review 9, no. 1 (1993): 116-22.

Karen Shimakawa. "'fake intimacy': Locating National Identity in Dennis O'Rourke's The Good Woman of Bangkok." Discourse 17, no. 3 (1995): 126-50.

T. D. Truong. Sex, Money and Morality: Prostitution and Tourism in Thailand. London: Zed, 1990.

Week Eleven:

Lecture: Feminist Cinema

Screening:

Don't Call Me Girlie (1985 - 68 mins); Nice Coloured Girls (1987 - 17 mins); Passionless Moments (1984 - 13 mins); A Girl's Own Story (1984 - 27 mins)

Reading:

*Annette Blonski and Freda Freiberg. "Double Trouble: Women's Films." The Australian Screen. Ed. Albert Moran and Tom O'Regan. Ringwood: Penguin, 1989. 190-215.

Stella Bruzzi. "Jane Campion: Costume Drama and Reclaiming Women's Past." Women and Film: A Sight and Sound Reader. Ed. Pam Cook and Philip Dodd. London: Scarlett P, 1993. 232-42.

Pam Cook. "Passionless Moments." Monthly Film Bulletin 57, no. 678 (1990): 210.

Freda Freiberg. "The Bizarre in the Banal: Notes on the Films of Jane Campion." Don't Shoot Darling! Women's Independent Filmmaking in Australia. Ed. Annette Blonski, Barbara Creed and Freda Freiberg. Richmond: Greenhouse Publications, 1987. 328-33.

Verena Glaessner. "A Girl's Own Story." Monthly Film Bulletin 57, no. 678 (1990): 209.

Karen Jennings. Sites of Difference: Cinematic Representations of Aboriginality and Gender. Melbourne: AFI, 1993. 69-72.

*___ and David Hollinsworth. "Ways of Seeing and Speaking about Aboriginal Women. ii. Shy Maids and Wanton Strumpets." Hecate 13, no. 2 (1987-88): 129-33.

"The Piano Debate." Screen 36, no. 3 (1995): 257-87.

Irma Walden. "A Girl's Own Story: The Films of Jane Campion." Refractory Girl 34 (1990): 40-51.

Week Twelve:

Lecture: Aboriginal Cinema

Screening:

Night Cries; Wrong Side of the Road (1981 - 80 mins); Moodeitj Yorgas (1988 - 22 mins)

Reading:

Philip Dutchak. "Black Screens." Cinema Papers 87 (1992): 48-52.

Annie Goldson. "Australia's Anxiety of Influence." Afterimage 18, no. 1 (1990): 22-23.

V. Huancy and B. Reynaud. "Tracey Moffatt: "Nice Coloured Girls"." Motion 3, nos. 3-4 (1990): 12.

Beth Jackson. "Self-Inscription in the Work of Doppio Teatro, Tracey Moffatt and Linda Dement: An Interpretation of Feminist Use of Technology According to Deleuze's Writings on Masochism." Continuum 8, no. 1 (1994): 226-39.

*Laleen Jayamanne. "'Love Me Tender, Love Me True, Never Let Me Go...': A Sri Lankan Reading of Tracey Moffatt's Night Cries." Feminism and the Politics of Difference. Ed. Anna Yeatman and Sneja Gunew. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

Karen Jennings. Sites of Difference: Cinematic Representations of Aboriginality and Gender. Melbourne: AFI, 1993. 73-75.

*Gail Jones. "Traumatropes." The Morning After the Eighties: Ficto-Criticism in Australia. Ed. Noel King, Toby Miller and Stephen Muecke. Adelaide: Wakefield P, forthcoming.

E.Ann Kaplan. "Aborigines, Film and Moffatt's Night Cries-A Rural Tragedy: An Outsider's Perspective." Bulletin of the Olive Pink Society 1, no. 2 (1989): 13-17.

Carol Laseur. "beDevil: Colonial Images, Aboriginal Memories." Span no. 37 (December 1993): 76-88.

Patricia Mellencamp. "An Empirical Avant-Garde: Laleen Jayamanne and Tracey Moffatt." Fugitive Images: From Photography to Video. Ed. Patrice Petro. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1995. 173-95.

Eric Michaels. "Hollywood Iconography: A Warlpiri Reading." Television and its Audience. Ed. Philip Drummond and Richard Paterson. London: BFI, 1987. 109-24.

Tracey Moffatt. "Something More." New Formations 10 (1990): 66-74.

Mudrooroo Nyoongah. "Passing for White Passing for Black: An Ideological Con-pro-testation." Continuum 8, no. 2 (1994): 258-69.

Scott Murray. "Tracey Moffatt." Cinema Papers 79 (1990): 19-22.

Cathy Payne. "Visible Spaces, Electronic Records: John Conomos and Tracey Moffatt." Continuum 8, no. 1 (1994): 318-27.

Ingrid Periz. "Night Cries: Cries from the Heart." Filmnews 20, no. 7 (1990): 16.

Anne Rutherford. ""Changing Images": An Interview with Tracey Moffatt." Aboriginal Culture Today. Ed. Anne Rutherford. Copenhagen: Dangaroo P, 1988. 146-57.

___. "Night Cries - A Rural Tragedy: A Film by Tracey Moffatt." Artlink 10, nos. 1-2 (1990): 65.

Deb Verhoeven. ""Just Trust the Text, Don't Colour It"." Artlink 13, no. 1 (1993): 30-31.

Week Thirteen:

Lecture: Aboriginal Television

Screening:

Kamira: Pina Yanirlipa Ngurrakurra (1986 - 40 mins); Satellite Dreaming (1992 - 50 mins)

Reading:

*Philip Batty. "Singing the Electric." Channels of Resistance: Global Television and Local Empowerment. Ed. Tony Dowmunt. London: BFI, 1993. 106-25.

Hart Cohen. "Margins at the Centre: The Application of Innis' Concept of Bias to the Development of Aboriginal Media." Continuum 7, no. 1 (1993): 105-20.

Faye Ginsburg. "Indigenous Media: Faustian Contract or Global Village?" Cultural Anthropology 6, no. 1 (1991): 92-112.

*___. "In Whose Image? Indigenous Media from Aboriginal Central Australia." CVA Review (1989): 16-20.

Bob Hodge and David Tripp. Children and Television. London: Polity P, 1986. 138-42.

Marcia Langton. "Well, I Saw it on the Television and I Heard it on the Radio". Sydney: AFC, 1993.

Michael Meadows. A Watering Can in the Desert: Issues in Indigenous Broadcasting Policy in Australia. Brisbane: Institute for Cultural Policy Studies, 1992.

___ and Klaus Rielander. "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Broadcasting: A Select Bibliography." Media Information Australia 61 (1991): 86-93.

Eric Michaels. The Aboriginal Invention of Television. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1986.

___. "Response to Eric Willmot's Review." Media Information Australia 43 (1987): 41-44.

___ and L. J. Japanangka. "The Cost of Video at Yuendumu." Media Information Australia 32 (1984): 17-25.

___and Francis J. Kelly. "The Social Organisation of an Aboriginal Video Workplace." Australian Aboriginal Studies 1 (1984): 26-34.

Tom O'Regan and Philip Batty. "An Aboriginal Television Culture: Issues, Strategies, Politics." Australian Television Culture. Tom O'Regan. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993. 169-92.

Eric Willmot. "Aboriginal Broadcasting in Remote Australia: Review of Aboriginal Invention of TV." Media Information Australia 43 (1987): 38-40.

Week Fourteen:

Lecture: The Essay Film

Screening:

My Life Without Steve (1986 - 53 mins); Camera Natura (1985 - 32 mins); Flash Attack (26 mins)

Reading:

*Barbara Creed. "The Post-Modern Blues or My Life Without Steve." Don't Shoot Darling! Women's Independent Filmmaking in Australia. Ed. Annette Blonski, Barbara Creed and Freda Freiberg. Melbourne: Greenhouse Publications, 1987. 350-58.

Freda Freiberg. "Wizards of Oz: Into the 90s." Artlink 13, no. 1 (1993): 13-14.

Kate Gilroy. "Essaying Two Lovers' Discourse." Screening Cultural Studies. Ed. Tom O'Regan and Toby Miller. Perth: Continuum, 1994. 222-37.

Noel King. "My Life Without Steve: Postmodernism, Ficto-Criticism and the Paraliterary." Southern Review 27, no. 3 (1994): 261-75.

___ and Gillian Leahy. "'I'd Thought for a Long Time that I'd Make an Experimental Film About Romantic Love': An Interview with Gillian Leahy about My Life Without Steve." Screening Cultural Studies. Ed. Tom O'Regan and Toby Miller. Perth: Continuum, 1994. 238-53.

Gillian Leahy. My Life Without Steve. Post-Production Script. 1986.

Adrian Martin. "The Short Film." Australian Cinema. Ed. Scott Murray. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1994. 201-09.

*Toby Miller. The Well-Tempered Self: Citizenship, Culture, and the Postmodern Subject. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1993. 218-31.

REFERENCES

N. B. This is a general bibliography of sources on Australian film, television, anthropology, race and gender. You are NOT expected to be familiar with all of these items. They provide a useful resource.

Adam, Ian and Helen Tiffin, eds. Past the Last Post: Theorizing Post-Colonialism and Post-Modernism. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991.

Adamson, Judy. Australian Film Posters 1906-1960. Sydney: Currency P, 1978.

Allen, H. C. Bush and Backwards: A Comparison of the Frontier in Australia and the United States. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1959.

Alomes, Stephen. A Nation at Last? The Changing Character of Australian Nationalism 1880-1988. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1988.

Altman, J., ed. Emergent Inequalities in Aboriginal Australia. Oceania Monograph 38, 1989.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, 2nd ed. London: Verso, 1991.

Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literature. London: Routledge, 1989.

Attwood, B. The Making of the Aborigines. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1989.

Australia, Senate, Standing Committee on Finance and Government Operations. The Circumstances Surrounding the Various Court Actions Relating to the Film 'The Return of Captain Invincible'. Canberra: AGPS, 1987.

Australian Film Commission. Film Assistance: Future Options. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Aveling, Marion and Joy Damousi, eds. Stepping Out of History: Documents of Women at Work in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1991.

Barr, Trevor. The Electronic Estate: New Communications Media and Australia. Ringwood: Penguin, 1985.

___, ed. Challenges and Change: Australia's Information Society. Melbourne: Oxford UP, 1987.

Barwick, Diane, Jeremy Beckett and M. Reay, eds. Metaphors of Interpretation. Canberra: Australian National UP, 1985.

Baxter, John. The Australian Cinema. Sydney: Angus and Roberston, 1970.

___. Filmstruck: Australia at the Movies. Sydney: ABC, 1986.

Beckett, Jeremy. Torres Strait Islanders: Custom and Colonialism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987.

___, ed. Past and Present: The Construction of Aboriginality. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies P, 1988.

Bell, Diane. Daughters of the Dreaming. Sydney: McPhee-Gribble and Allen and Unwin, 1983.

Bell, Philip. Multicultural Australia in the Media: A Report to the Office of Multicultural Affairs. Canberra: AGPS, 1992.

Bennett, Scott. Aborigines and Political Power. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1989.

Bennett, Tony, Pat Buckridge, David Carter and Colin Mercer, eds. Celebrating the Nation: A Critical Study of Australia's Bicentenary. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1992.

Benterrak, Krim, Stephen Muecke and Paddy Roe. Reading the Country: Introduction to Nomadology. Fremantle: Frematle Arts Centre P, 1985.

Berndt, R. M. and C. H. Berndt. End of an Era: Aboriginal Labour in the Northern Territory. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1987.

___, eds. Aboriginal Man in Australia. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1965.

Bertrand, Ina. Film Censorship in Australia. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1978.

___, ed. Cinema in Australia: A Documentary History. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1989.

Bertrand, Ina and Diane Collins. Government and Film in Australia. Sydney: Currency P, 1981.

Betts, Katharine. Ideology and Immigration: Australia 1976 to 1987. Melbourne: Melbourne UP, 1988.

Blonski, Annette, ed. Australian Women's Film and Video. Melbourne: AFI, 1988.

___, Barbara Creed and Freda Freiberg, eds. Don't Shoot Darling! Women's Independent Filmmaking in Australia. Melbourne: Greenhouse Publications, 1987.

Bonney, Bill and Helen Wilson. Australia's Commercial Media. Melbourne: Macmillan, 1983.

Bottomley, Gil and Marie de Lepervanche, eds. Ethnicity, Class and Gender in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1984.

Bottomley, Gil et al., eds. Intersexions: Gender/Class/Culture/Ethnicity. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1990.

Brand, Simon. Picture Palaces and Flea-pits. Sydney: Dreamweaver Books, 1983.

Brennan, F., ed. Reconciling Our Differences. Richmond: Aurora, 1992.

Brock, P., ed. Women, Rites and Sites. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1989.

Broome, R. Aboriginal Australians. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1982.

Brown, Mary Ellen, ed. Television and Women's Culture. Sydney: Currency P, 1990.

Burgman, Verity and Jenny Lee, eds. Constructing a Culture: A People's History of Australia Since 1788. Ringwood: Penguin, 1988.

Burnley, I. H. et al., eds. Immigration and Ethnicity in the 1980s. Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1985.

Burridge, K. Encountering Aborigines: Anthropology and the Australian Aboriginal. New York: Pergamon, 1973.

Butlin, Noel. Our Original Aggression: Aboriginal Populations of Southeastern Australia 1788-1850. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1983.

Caine, Barbara et al., eds. Crossing Boundaries: Feminisms and the Critique of Knowledges. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1988.

Castles, Stephen, Mary Kalantzis, Bill Cope and Michael Morrissey. Mistaken Identity: Multiculturalism and the Demise of Nationalism in Australia, 2nd ed. Sydney: Pluto P, 1990.

Cawte, John. The Universe of the Warramirri: Art, Medicine and Religion in Arnhem Land. Sydney: U of New South Wales P.

Collins, Diane. Hollywood Down Under: Australians at the Movies, 1896 to the Present Day. Sydney: Angus and Roberston, 1987.

Connell, R. W. Gender and Power. Cambridge: Polity P, 1987.

___. Which Way is Up? Essays on Sex, Class and Culture. London: Allen and Unwin, 1983.

Cowlishaw, Gillian. Black, White or Brindle: Race in Rural Australia. Sydney: Cambridge UP, 1988.

Craik, Jennifer, Julie James Bailey and Albert Moran, eds. Public Voices, Private Interests: Australia's Media Policy. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1995.

Crawford, P. I. and D. Turton, eds. Film as Ethnography. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1992.

Cruthers, John, ed. Taking Care of Business: A Practical Guide to Independent Film and Video Production. Sydney: AFTRS and AFC, 1988.

Cummings, B. Take This Child. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies P, 1990.

Cunningham, Stuart. Featuring Australia: The Cinema of Charles Chauvel. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1991.

___. Framing Culture: Criticism and Policy in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1992.

___ and Toby Miller, with David Rowe. Contemporary Australian Television. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1994.

Cunningham, Stuart and Graeme Turner, eds. The Media in Australia: Industries, Texts, Audiences. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

Curthoys, Ann. For and Against Feminism: A Personal Journey in Feminist Theory and History. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1988.

Daniels, Kay and M. Murnane, eds. Uphill All the Way: A Documentary History of Women in Australia. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1981.

Davis, Glyn. Breaking Up the ABC. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1988.

Davis, Jack and Bob Hodge, eds. Aboriginal Writing Today. Canberra:

Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1985.

Davis, Jack, Stephen Muecke, Mudrooroo Narogin and Adam Shoemaker, eds. Paperbark: A Collection of Black Australian Writings. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1990.

Dawson, Jonathan and Bruce Molloy, eds. Queensland Images in Film and Television. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1990.

de Lepervanche, Marie and Gillian Bottomley, eds. The Cultural Construction of Race. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture, 1988.

Department of Transport and Communication. Review of Remote Area Television Services, Discussion Paper. Canberra: AGPS, 1990.

Dermody, Susan and Elizabeth Jacka. The Screening of Australia Volume 1: Anatomy of a Film Industry. Sydney: Currency P, 1987.

___. The Screening of Australia Volume 2: Anatomy of a National Cinema. Sydney: Currency P, 1988.

___, eds. The Imaginary Industry: Australian Film in the Late '80s. Sydney: AFTRS, 1988.

Dermody, Susan, John Docker and Drusilla Modjeska, eds. Nellie Melba, Ginger Meggs and Friends. Malmsbury: Kibble Books, 1982.

Devereaux, L. and R. Hillman, eds. Film and Representations of Culture. Berkeley aand Los Angeles: U of California P, 1993.

Dixon, M. The Real Matilda: Women and Identity in Australia, 1788 to 1975. Melbourne: Penguin, 1976.

Dixon, R. M. W. The Languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambidge UP, 1980.

Donaldson, Ian and Tamsin Donaldson, eds. Seeing the First Australians. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1985.

Durkheim, Émile and Marcel Mauss. Primitive Classification. Trans. Rodney Needham. London: Cohen and West, 1970.

Edwards, W. H., ed. Traditional Aboriginal Society. Melbourne: Macmillan, 1987.

Eitienne, M. and E. Leacock, eds. Women and Colonization: Anthropological Perspectives. New York: Praeger, 1980.

Elkin, A. P. The Australian Aborigines. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1964.

Finnane, Mark, ed. Policing in Australia. Sydney: U of New South Wales P.

Fiske, John, Bob Hodge and Graeme Turner. Myths of Oz: Reading Australian Popular Culture. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Flood, J. Archaeology of the Dreamtime. Sydney: Collins, 1989.

Foss, Paul, ed. Island in the Stream: Myths of Place in Australian Culture. Leichhardt: Pluto P, 1988.

Foster, Lois and David Stockley. Australian Multiculturalism: A Documentary History and Critique. Clevedon: Philadelphia Multilingual Matters, 1988.

Franzway, Suzanne et al. Staking a Claim: Feminism, Bureaucracy, and the State. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1989.

Gale, Fay, ed. We are Bosses Ourselves. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1983.

___. Women's Role in Aboriginal Society. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1970.

Game, Ann and Rosemary Pringle. Gender at Work. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1983.

Gibson, Ross. South of the West: Postcolonialism and the Narrative Construction of Australia. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1992.

Gilbert, Kevin, ed. Inside Black Australia. Ringwood: Penguin, 1988.

Gilbert, Pam and Sandra Taylor. Fashioning the Feminine: Girls, Popular Culture and Schooling. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1991.

Goetzfridt, Nicholas J. Indigenous Literature of Oceania: A Survey of Criticism and Interpretation. Westport: Greenwood, 1995.

Goodale, J. Tiwi Wives. Seattle: U of Washington P, 1971.

Goodman, D. et al., eds. Multicultural Australia: The Challenge of Change. Newham: Scribe, 1991.

Grieve, Norma and Ailsa Burns, eds. Australian Women: New Feminist Perspectives. Melbourne: Oxford UP, 1986.

Grieve, Norma and Patricia Grimshaw, eds. Australian Women: Feminist Perspectives. Melbourne: Oxford UP, 1981.

Gross, Larry, J. Katz and Jay Ruby, eds. Image Ethics. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.

Haebich, Anna. For Their Own Good: Aborigines and Government in the Southwest of Western Australia. Perth: U of Western Australia P, 1988.

Hall, Ken G. Australian Film: The Inside Story. Sydney: Summit Books, 1984.

Hall, Sandra. Critical Business: The New Australian Cinema in Review. Adelaide: Rigby, 1985.

___. Supertoy: 20 Years of Television. Melbourne: Sun Books, 1976.

___. Turning On Turning Off: Australian TV in the Eighties. Sydney: Cassell Australia, 1981.

Halliwell, William K. The Filmgoer's Guide to Australian Films. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1985.

Hamilton, Peter and Sue Mathews. American Dreams: Australian Movies. Sydney: Currency P, 1986.

Hancock, W. K. Australia. 1930.

Hartley, John. The Politics of Pictures: The Creation of the Public in the Age of Popular Media. London: Routledge, 1992.

Hawkins, Gay. From Nimbin to Mardi Gras: Constructing Community Arts. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

Head, Brian and James Walter, eds. Intellectual Movements and Australian Society. Melbourne: Oxford UP, 1988.

Herd, Nick. Independent Filmmaking in Australia 1960-1980. Sydney: AFTS, 1983.

Hiatt, F. R., ed. Australian Aboriginal Mythology. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1975.

Hinde, John. Other People's Pictures. Sydney: ABC, 1981.

Hodge, Bob and David Tripp. Children and Television. London: Polity P, 1986.

Hodge, Bob and Vijay Mishra. The Dark Side of the Dream: Australian Literature and the Postcolonial Mind. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1991.

Howitt, A. W. The Native Tribes of South-East Australia. London, 1904.

Hudson, Wayne and David Carter, eds. Australia Post: Republican and Postnationalist Themes. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1993.

Huffner, V. with E. Roughsey. The Sweetness of the Fig: Aboriginal Women in Transition. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1980.

Inglis, K. S. This is the ABC. Melbourne: Melbourne UP, 1983.

Jacka, Elizabeth. The ABC of Drama: 1975-1990. Sydney: AFTRS, 1991.

___, ed. Continental Shift: Globalisation and Culture. Sydney: Local Consumption Publications, 1992.

Janson, S. and S. Macintyre, eds. Through White Eyes. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1990.

Johnson, Lesley. The Modern Girl: Girlhood and Growing Up. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

Jones, Ross. Cut! Protection of Australia's Film and Television Industries. Sydney: Centre for Independent Studies, 1991.

Jupp, James, ed. Ethnic Politics in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1984.

Kaberry, P. Aboriginal Women, Sacred and Profane. London: Routledge, 1939.

Kapferer, Bruce. Legends of People, Myths of the State. Washington: Smithsonian Institute P, 1988.

Keen, I., ed. Being Black: Aboriginal Cultures in 'Settled' Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies P, 1988.

Kohen, Jim. Aboriginal Environmental Impacts. Sydney: U of New South Wales P, 1994.

___ and Jack Brook. The Parramatta Native Institution and the Black Town. Sydney: U of New South Wales P.

Langton, Marcia. "Well, I Saw it on the Television and I Heard it on the Radio". Sydney: AFC, 1993.

Lansell, Ross and Peter Beilby, eds. The Documentary Film in Australia. Melbourne: Cinema Papers, 1982.

Lewis, Glen. Australian Movies and the American Dream. New York: Praeger, 1987.

Liberman, Kenneth. Understanding Interaction in Central Australia. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985.

Long, Joan and Martin Long. The Pictures that Moved: A Picture History of the Australian Cinema 1896-1929. Richmond: Hutchinson Australia, 1982.

MacCallum, Mungo, ed. Ten Years of Television. Melbourne: Sun Books, 1968.

McConnochie, Keith, David Hollinsworth and Jan Pettman. Race and Racism in Australia. Sydney: Social Science P, 1988.

McFarlane, Brian. Australian Cinema 1970-1985. London: Secker and Warburg, 1987.

___. Words and Pictures: Australian Novels into Films. Melbourne: Heinemann, 1983.

McGrath, A. 'Born in the Cattle': Aborigines in Cattle Country. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

McLachlan, Noel. Waiting for the Revolution. Ringwood: Penguin, 1989.

McMurchy, Megan and Jennifer Stott, eds. Signs of Independents: Ten Years of the Creative Development Fund. Sydney: AFC, 1988.

McMurchy, Megan, et al., eds. For Love or Money: A Pictorial History of Women and Work in Australia. Melbourne: Penguin, 1983.

Malone, Peter. In Black and White and Colour: A Survey of Aborigines in Australian Feature Films. Nelen Yubu Missiological Unit, 1987.

Mannix, E. F. Tax and the Australian Film Industry: Being a Commentary on Division 10BA of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 together with Text of the Legislation. Sydney: Butterworths, 1981.

Mathews, Sue, ed. 35mm Dreams: Conversations with Five Directors about the Australian Film Revival. Ringwood: Penguin, 1984.

Matthews, Jill Julius. Good and Mad Women: The Historical Construction of Femininity in Twentieth Century Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1984.

Meggitt, Mervyn. The Desert People. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1962.

Mercer, Jan, ed. The Other Half. Ringwood: Penguin, 1975.

Michaels, Eric. The Aboriginal Invention of Television in Central Australia 1982-1986. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1986.

___. Bad Aboriginal Art: Tradition, Media, and Technological Horizons. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1994.

___. For a Cultural Future: Francis Jupurrurla Makes TV at Yuendumu. Sydney: Art and Criticism, 1987.

___. Unbecoming: An AIDS Diary. Sydney: EM P, 1990.

Miller, Toby. The Well-Tempered Self: Citizenship, Culture, and the Postmodern Subject. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1993.

Molloy, Bruce. Before the Interval: Australian Mythology and Feature Films, 1930-1960. St. Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1990.

Molloy, Simon and Barry Burgan. The Economics of Film and Television in Australia. Sydney: AFC, 1993.

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___. Projecting Australia: Government Film since 1945. Sydney: Currency P, 1991.

___, ed. Stay Tuned: An Australian Broadcasting Reader. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1992.

___ and Tom O'Regan, eds. An Australian Film Reader. Sydney: Currency P, 1985.

___. The Australian Screen. Ringwood: Penguin, 1989.

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More, Elizabeth and Glen Lewis, eds. Australian Communications Technology and Policy: A Reader. Sydney: AFTRS, 1988.

Morris, Meaghan. The Pirate's Fiancée: Feminism, Postmodernism, Reading. London: Verso, 1988.

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___. Australian Film 1978-1992. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

___. Back of Beyond: Discovering Australian Film and Television. Sydney: AFC, 1988.

___. The New Australian Cinema. Melbourne: Nelson, 1980.

Narogin, Mudrooroo. Writing from the Fringe: A Study of Modern Aboriginal Literature. Melbourne: Hyland House, 1990.

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O'Regan, Tom. Australian Television Culture. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

___. Writing on Australian Film History: Some Methodological Notes. Sydney: Local Consumption Occasional Paper 5, 1984.

___ and Toby Miller, eds. Screening Cultural Studies. Perth: Continuum, 1994.

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___. The Moving Image: Film and Television in Western Australia 1896-1985. Perth: History and Film Association (WA), 1985.

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___. Australian Silent Films: A Pictorial History 1896-1929. Melbourne: Lansdowne P, 1970.

___. History and Heartburn: The Saga of Australian Film 1896-1978. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1979.

___. The Talkies Era: A Pictorial History of Australian Sound Film-Making, 1930-1960. Melbourne: Lansdowne P, 1972.

Reekie, Gail. Temptations: Sex, Selling and the Department Store. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

Reid, Mary Anne. Long Shots to Favourites: Australian Cinema Successes in the 90s. Sydney: AFC, 1993.

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___. The Law of the Land. Ringwood: Penguin, 1987.

___. The Other Side of the Frontier: Aboriginal Resistance to the European Invasion of Australia. Melbourne: Penguin, 1982.

___. With the White People: The Crucial Role of Aborigines in the Exploration and Development of Australia. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1990.

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___. Arguing the Arts: The Funding of the Arts in Australia. Ringwood: Penguin, 1985.

___. Remote Possibilities: The Aboriginal Domain and the Administrative Imagination. Darwin: NARU, ANU, 1992.

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___ and F. J. Gillen. The Arunta: A Study of a Stone Age People. London: Macmillan, 1927.

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___. The Last New Wave: The Australian Film Revival. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1979.

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Sutton, Peter, ed. Dreamings: The Art of Aboriginal Australia. New York: Viking, 1988.

Sykes, Roberta B. Black Majority. Hawthorn: Hudson Publishing, 1989.

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Taylor, Penny, ed. After 200 Years: Photographic Essays of Aboriginal and Islander Australia Today. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies P, 1988.

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Trigger, David. Whitefella Comin': Aboriginal Responses to Colonialism in Northern Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1992.

Tulloch, John. Australian Cinema: Industry, Narrative and Meaning. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1982.

___. Legends on the Screen: The Narrative Film in Australia 1919-1929. Sydney: Currency P, 1981.

___ and Albert Moran. A Country Practice: 'Quality Soap'. Sydney: Currency P, 1986.

___ and Graeme Turner, eds. Australian Television: Pleasures, Programs and Politics. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1989.

Turner, David. Life Before Genesis, A Conclusion. An Understanding of the Significance of Aboriginal Culture. New York: Peter Lang, 1987.

Turner, Graeme. Film as Social Practice. New York: Routledge, 1988.

___. Making It National: Nationalism and Australian Popular Culture. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1994.

___. National Fictions: Literature, Film and the Construction of Australian Narrative, 2nd ed. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

___, ed. Nation Culture Text: Australian Cultural and Media Studies. London: Routledge, 1993.

Warner, W. L. A Black Civilization. New York: Harper, 1958.

Watson, Sophie. Accommodating Inequality: Gender and Housing. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1988.

___, ed. Playing the State: Australian Feminist Interventions. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1990.

Wheelwright, Ted and Ken Buckley, eds. Communications and the Media in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

White, David. Australian Movies to the World: The International Success of Australian Films since 1970. Melbourne: Fontana, 1984.

White, I. et al., eds. Fighters and Singers: The Lives of Some Aboriginal Women. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1985.

White, Richard. Inventing Australia: Images and Identity. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1981.

Willmot, Eric. Out of the Silent Land. Canberra: AGPS, 1984.

Williams, Patrick and Laura Chrisman, eds. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader. New York: Columbia UP, 1994.

Wilson, Helen, ed. Australian Communications and the Public Sphere: Essays in Honour of Bill Bonney. Melbourne: Macmillan, 1989.

Windschuttle, Elizabeth, ed. Women, Class and History: Feminist Perspectives on Australia. Melbourne: Fontana, 1980.

Wotherspoon, Gary. City of the Plain: History of a Gay Sub-Culture. Sydney: Hale and Ironmonger, 1990.

JOURNALS

Aboriginal History, AFC News, American Anthropologist, American Ethnologist, Anthropological Forum, Anthropology Today, Arena, Art and Text, Australian Aboriginal Studies, Australian Feminist Studies, Australian Journal of Anthropology, Australian Journal of Cultural Studies, Australian Journal of Screen Theory, Canberra Anthropology, Cantrills Filmnotes, Cinema Papers, Continuum, Current Anthropology, Encore, Ethnology, Ethnos, Filmnews, Filmviews, Hecate, In the Picture, Intervention, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society, Man, Mankind, Meanjin, Media Information Australia, Metro Media Education Magazine, Oceania, Overland, Social Alternatives, Social Analysis, Span, Visual Anthropology, Visual Anthropology Review

ON-LINE SOURCES

http://www.gu.edu.au/gwis/cinemedia/CineMedia.DIR.html

http://humpc43.murdoch.edu.au/film/OzFilm.html